Youth Violence: How Gender Matters in Aggression Among Urban Early Adolescents

Nadine M. Finigan-Carr, Andrea Gielen, Denise L. Haynie, Tina L. Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Although research suggests gender differences in both forms and functions of aggressive behavior, there has been limited research into these types among African American early adolescents. This study examined the types and patterns of aggression in girls and boys in that group. Participants were 452 predominantly African American middle school youth (50.4% girls) aged 11 to 13 (M = 11.97) enrolled in three urban public schools. Students were invited to participate in a school-based intervention designed to prevent aggressive and deviant behaviors. Assessments occurred pre- and post-intervention. Surveys were analyzed to identify gender differences in the levels and types of aggressive behaviors, as well as differences in predictors of aggressive behaviors. Predictors were measured at baseline; aggressive behaviors at follow-up. There were significant gender differences in types of aggressive behaviors and their predictors indicating a need to develop and implement more suitable, gender-tailored prevention and treatment approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3257-3281
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Issue number19
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016


  • African American
  • aggression
  • early adolescence
  • gender
  • urban

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology


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