Youth motorcycle-related hospitalizations and traumatic brain injuries in the United States in 2006

Harold Weiss, Yll Agimi, Claudia Steiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to provide national injury and health care cost estimates for youth motorcycle injuries in traffic and nontraffic settings and to focus on the burden of serious motorcycle-related traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) in children and young adults. METHODS: The 2006 Kids' Inpatient Database is a sample of inpatient discharges for US patients <21 years of age from 38 states. This cross-sectional analysis of the 2006 Kids' Inpatient Database included comparisons of TBI versus non-TBI and traffic versus nontraffic motorcycle-related crashes for ages 12 to 20, with national estimates of hospital charges and costs, length of stay, severity, and long-term disability rates. RESULTS: Motorcycle-related crashes accounted for 5662 discharges (95% confidence interval: 5201-6122 discharges), which amounts to 3% of injury hospitalizations among youths and 5% of TBI diagnoses; two-thirds of cases were traffic-related, and one-third of patients sustained a TBI (1793 patients [95% confidence interval: 1631-1955 patients]). Among patients with TBIs, the overall probability of long-term disability was 24%. Patients with TBIs were 3.6 times more likely to be discharged to a rehabilitation facility and >10 times more likely to die in the hospital than were patients without TBIs. CONCLUSIONS: Motorcycle injuries are a substantial cause of youth injury hospitalizations. The large proportion, costs, and morbidity of TBI diagnoses in youth motorcycle crashes emphasize the need for effective crash prevention and head protection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1141-1148
Number of pages8
JournalPediatrics
Volume126
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2010

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Costs
  • Hospitalizations
  • Injury
  • Injury severity
  • Motorcycle
  • Nontraffic accidents
  • Scooters
  • Traffic accidents
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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