Young age at diagnosis is associated with worse prognosis in the Luminal A breast cancer subtype: a retrospective institutional cohort study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: Although age is a recognized independent prognostic risk factor, its relative importance among molecular subtypes of Breast cancer (BCA) is not well documented. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic role of age at diagnosis among different immunohistochemical subtypes of BCA. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of women with invasive BCA undergoing surgery at the Johns Hopkins Hospital, excluding patients presenting with stage IV breast cancer. Patients were stratified into three age groups: ≤ 40, 41–60, and > 60 years, and multivariable analysis was performed using Cox regression. We also identified differentially expressed genes (DEG) between age groups among BCA subtypes in the public TCGA dataset. Finally, we identified key driver genes within the DEGs using a weighted gene co-expression network analysis. Results: Luminal A breast cancer patients had significantly lower 5 year disease-free survival (DFS) and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) in the ≤ 40 year age group compared to the 41–60 year age group, while the other molecular subtypes showed no significant association of DFS or DMFS with age. Age was a stronger outcome predictor than tumor grade or proliferative index in Luminal A BCA patients, but not other subtypes. BCA TCGA gene expression data were divided into two groups (≤ 40 years, > 40 years). We identified 374 DEGs in the Luminal A BCA subset, which were enriched in seven pathways and two modules of co-expressed genes. No age group-specific DEGs were identified in non-Luminal A subtypes. Conclusions: Age at diagnosis may be an important prognostic factor in Luminal A BCA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)689-702
Number of pages14
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Volume172
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

Keywords

  • Age
  • Breast cancer
  • Gene expression
  • Intrinsic subtype
  • Prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Young age at diagnosis is associated with worse prognosis in the Luminal A breast cancer subtype: a retrospective institutional cohort study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this