Y RNA fragment in extracellular vesicles confers cardioprotection via modulation of IL-10 expression and secretion

Linda Cambier, Geoffrey de Couto, Ahmed Ibrahim, Antonio K. Echavez, Jackelyn Valle, Weixin Liu, Michelle Kreke, Rachel R. Smith, Linda Marbán, Eduardo Marbán

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cardiosphere-derived cells (CDCs) reduce myocardial infarct size via secreted extracellular vesicles (CDC-EVs), including exosomes, which alter macrophage polarization. We questioned whether short non-coding RNA species of unknown function within CDC-EVs contribute to cardioprotection. The most abundant RNA species in CDC-EVs is a Y RNA fragment (EV-YF1); its relative abundance in CDC-EVs correlates with CDC potency in vivo. Fluorescently labeled EV-YF1 is actively transferred from CDCs to target macrophages via CDC-EVs. Direct transfection of macrophages with EV-YF1 induced transcription and secretion of IL-10. When cocultured with rat cardiomyocytes, EV-YF1-primed macrophages were potently cytoprotective toward oxidatively stressed cardiomyocytes through induction of IL-10. In vivo, intracoronary injection of EV-YF1 following ischemia/reperfusion reduced infarct size. A fragment of Y RNA, highly enriched in CDC-EVs, alters Il10 gene expression and enhances IL-10 protein secretion. The demonstration that EV-YF1 confers cardioprotection highlights the potential importance of diverse exosomal contents of unknown function, above and beyond the usual suspects (e.g., microRNAs and proteins).

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEMBO Molecular Medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

Keywords

  • RNA
  • Extracellular vesicle
  • Macrophage
  • Stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine

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