XEN Gel Stent Open Conjunctiva Technique: A Practical Approach Paper

Joseph F. Panarelli, David B. Yan, Brian Francis, E. Randy Craven

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Xen Gel Stent lowers intraocular pressure by shunting aqueous humor to the subconjunctival space. While published studies include both open conjunctiva and closed conjunctiva approaches, most publications feature a closed conjunctiva, ab interno approach. While this approach is widely used, other approaches may be preferred for some patients. This paper provides details on surgical steps and tips for enhancing outcomes for an open conjunctiva technique for the implantation of the Xen Gel Stent, as well as reasoning as to when this approach should be used.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2538-2549
Number of pages12
JournalAdvances in Therapy
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2020


  • Glaucoma
  • Glaucoma surgery
  • Ophthalmology
  • Surgical technique
  • XEN Gel Stent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)


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