Working Inside the Firehouse: Developing a Participant-Driven Intervention to Enhance Health-Promoting Behaviors

Shannon Frattaroli, Keshia M. Pollack, Maryanne Bailey, Heather Schafer, Lawrence J. Cheskin, David R. Holtgrave

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the most common cause of on-duty death among U.S. firefighters among whom volunteers comprise 71% of the fire service. We sought to understand CVD risk among volunteer firefighters and to develop a CVD intervention based on their input. To accomplish these aims, we conducted a series of focus groups with volunteer firefighters and firefighters who serve with volunteers in Maryland. We conducted two additional focus groups with fire service leaders. Ninety-eight people participated in 15 focus groups. Participants discussed health and wellness, stress and the demanding nature of the volunteer fire service, and the challenges associated with healthy eating. They talked about food in the firehouse and the lack of quick, healthy, satisfying, and affordable food. Several suggestions for interventions to improve the food environment and firefighters' ability to choose and prepare healthy meals and snacks emerged. An intervention reflecting the participants' recommendations resulted. The way volunteer firefighters understand health and wellness and the specific factors that influence their food intake are valuable insights for addressing CVD risks in this population. To our knowledge, this is the first study that systematically brings firefighters into the process of developing an intervention to reduce CVD risk among this high-risk population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)451-458
Number of pages8
JournalHealth promotion practice
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2013


  • cardiovascular disease
  • focus group
  • health promotion
  • nutrition
  • partnerships/coalitions
  • program planning and evaluation
  • worksite safety and health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)


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