Work, ideology, and science: The case of medicine

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26 Scopus citations


This article discusses the nature of work, ideology, and science in Western capitalist societies. It analyzes how capitalist or bourgeois ideology reproduces capitalist dominance in the spheres of production (Section I), politics (Section II), and science to that capitalist dominance through a continuous process of class struggle Sections I, II, and III show how class struggle affects bourgeois dominance in the processes of production, politics, and science and medicine, respectively. Special focus in Section III is on the analysis of (a) how bourgeois dominance appears in science and medicine, (b) how bourgeois ideology appears and is reproduced in medical knowledge, and (c) how class struggle determines the nature of scientific and medical knowledge. In this section, an alternative mode of production of scientific and medical knowledge, different from the prevalent bourgeois one, is presented and discussed. In all three sections, medicine and medical knowledge are chosen as the primary points of reference.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)523-550
Number of pages28
JournalInternational Journal of Health Services
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1980

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy


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