Work, family and daily mobility: A new approach to the problem through a mobility survey

Marta Olabarria, Katherine Pérez, Elena Santamariña-Rubio, Josep Maria Aragay, Mayte Capdet, Rosana Peiró, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Lucía Artazcoz, Carme Borrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To analyze gender inequalities in socioeconomic factors affecting the amount of time spent travelling for work-related and home-related reasons among working individuals aged between 30 and 44 years old during a weekday in Catalonia (Spain). Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. Data were obtained from employed individuals aged between 30 and 44 years of age who reported travelling on the day prior to the interview in the Catalan Mobility Survey 2006 (N = 23,424). Multivariate logistic regression models were adjusted to determine the factors associated with longer time spent travelling according to the reason for travelling (work- or home-related journeys). Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals are presented. Results: A higher proportion of men travelled and spent more time travelling for work-related reasons, while a higher proportion of women travelled and spend more time travelling for home-related reasons. A higher educational level was associated with greater time spent travelling for work-related reasons in both men and women but was related to an increase in travelling time for home-related reasons only in men. In women, a larger household was associated with greater travel time for home-related reasons and with less travel time for work-related reasons. Conclusion: This study confirms the different mobility patterns in men and women, related to their distinct positions in the occupational, family and domestic spheres. Gender inequalities in mobility within the working population are largely determined by the greater responsibility of women in the domestic and family sphere. This finding should be taken into account in the design of future transport policies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)433-439
Number of pages7
JournalGaceta sanitaria / S.E.S.P.A.S
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Family relations
  • Gender roles
  • Inequalities
  • Public policies
  • Transportation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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