Women's status and domestic violence in rural Bangladesh: Individual- and community-level effects

Michael A. Koenig, Saifuddin Ahmed, Mian Bazle Hossain, A. B.M.Khorshed Alam Mozumder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We explore the determinants of domestic violence in two rural areas of Bangladesh. We found increased education, higher socioeconomic status, non-Muslim religion, and extended family residence to be associated with lower risks of violence. The effects of women's status on violence was found to be highly context-specific. In the more culturally conservative area, higher individual-level women's autonomy and short-term membership in savings and credit groups were both associated with significantly elevated risks of violence, and community-level variables were unrelated to violence. In the less culturally conservative area, in contrast, individual-level women's status indicators were unrelated to the risk of violence, and community-level measures of women's status were associated with significantly lower risks of violence, presumably by reinforcing nascent normative changes in gender relations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-288
Number of pages20
JournalDemography
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography

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