Women radiologists in the United States: Results from the American College of Radiology's 2003 survey

Rebecca S. Lewis, Mythreyi Bhargavan, Jonathan H. Sunshine

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Purpose: To retrospectively evaluate data from the 2003 American College of Radiology (ACR) survey of diagnostic, radiologists with regard to characteristics of women radiologists, their professional activities, and the practices in which they work. Materials and Methods: The authors analyzed nonindividually identified data from the ACR's 2003 Survey of Radiologists, a stratified random sample survey that guaranteed respondents confidentiality. A cover letter assured respondents that no individually identifiable information would be disseminated; to further enhance confidentiality, survey operations were conducted by a contractor rather than by the ACR itself. There was a 63% response rate, with a total of 1924 responses. Responses were weighted to make them representative of all radiologists in the United States. Two-tailed z tests of percentages and means and multiple regression analysis were used to compare information for women radiologists with that for men radiologists. Results: Twenty-four percent of radiologists in training (residents and fellows) and 18% of posttraining, professionally active radiologists were women. Forty-one percent of posttraining, professionally active women were younger than 45 years in comparison with 29% of men (P = .004). Women radiologists were more likely to have fellowship training than men (69% vs 60%, P = .007), although they were less likely than men to have a subspecialty certificate (16% vs 27%, P < .001). Thirty-nine percent of women and 16% of men worked part-time (P < .001). Women were more concentrated in academia (22% vs 14%, P = .009) and breast imaging (27% vs 6%, P < .001) than their male peers but were underrepresented in interventional radiology (2% vs 13%, P < .001) and neuroradiology (3% vs 10%, P < .001). In situations where radiologists are likely to be practice owners, fewer women than men were owners (75% vs 91%) (P = .011). Women reported the same level of enjoyment of radiology as did men. Conclusion: Women radiologists differ from men in regard to age, fellowship training, full- versus part-time employment, academic versus nonacademic practice, subspecialty practice, and practice ownership.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)802-810
Number of pages9
JournalRadiology
Volume242
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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