Perivascular stem cells (PSC) are a progenitor population defined by their perivascular residence. Recent studies have examined the relative difference in Wnt ligands to induce PSC differentiation, including Wnt16. Here, we examine the role of Wnt16 in the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of human PSC. Treatment of PSC with WNT16 significantly increased cell proliferation to a greater extent than did WNT3A. In addition, WNT16 showed a significant increase in osteogenic gene expression among PSC. These data demonstrate that WNT16 represents a combined mitogenic/pro-osteogenic stimulus that may play a functional role in human mesenchymal stem cell mediated bone repair.
- Perivascular stem cell
- Wnt signaling
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine