DNA methylation (DNAm) regulates gene expression and may represent gene-environment interactions. Using whole genome bisulfite sequencing, we surveyed DNAm in a large sample (n=344) of human brain tissues. We identify widespread genetic influence on local methylation levels throughout the genome, with 76% of SNPs and 38% of CpGs being part of methylation quantitative trait loci (meQTLs). These associations can further be clustered into regions that are differentially methylated by a given SNP, highlighting putative functional regions that explain much of the heritability associated with risk loci. Furthermore, some CpH sites associated with genetic variation. We have established a comprehensive, single base resolution view of association between genetic variation and genomic methylation, and implicate schizophrenia GWAS-associated variants as influencing the epigenetic plasticity of the brain.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)