WIDE AWAKE mediates the circadian timing of sleep onset

Sha Liu, Angelique Lamaze, Qili Liu, Masashi Tabuchi, Yong Yang, Melissa Fowler, Rajnish Bharadwaj, Julia Zhang, Joseph Bedont, Seth Blackshaw, Thomas E. Lloyd, Craig Montell, Amita Sehgal, Kyunghee Koh, Mark N. Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

How the circadian clock regulates the timing of sleep is poorly understood. Here, we identify a Drosophila mutant, wide awake (wake), that exhibits a marked delay in sleep onset at dusk. Loss of WAKE in a set of arousal-promoting clock neurons, the large ventrolateral neurons (l-LNvs), impairs sleep onset. WAKE levels cycle, peaking near dusk, and the expression of WAKE in l-LNvs is Clock dependent. Strikingly, Clock and cycle mutants also exhibit a profound delay in sleep onset, which can be rescued by restoring WAKE expression in LNvs. WAKE interacts with the GABAA receptor Resistant to Dieldrin (RDL), upregulating its levels and promoting its localization to the plasma membrane. In wake mutant l-LNvs, GABA sensitivity is decreased and excitability is increased at dusk. We propose that WAKE acts as a clock output molecule specifically for sleep, inhibiting LNvs at dusk to promote the transition from wake to sleep.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-166
Number of pages16
JournalNeuron
Volume82
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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