Who’s most at risk for school removal and later juvenile delinquency? Effects of early risk factors, Gender, School/Community poverty, and their impact on more distal outcomes

M. Diane Clark, H. Petras, Sheppard G. Kellam, Nicholas Ialongo, Jeanne M. Poduska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Research on school removal, either through suspension or expulsion, typically focuses on boys who have higher rates of removal than do girls. The present study compares girls to boys on proximal and distal characteristics and outcomes related to this event. Results supported known individual risk factors for school removal such as gender, race, SES, repeating a grade, and early aggressive behaviors which varied across gender by a contextual variable, that of school/community poverty. Regarding more distal risks, school removal differentially impacted later juvenile delinquency as well as early pregnancy and parenting depending on gender and the contextual factor of school/community poverty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-116
Number of pages28
JournalWomen and Criminal Justice
Volume14
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 27 2003

Keywords

  • Juvenile delinquency
  • Proximal and distal characterisics
  • School suspension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Law

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