Whole body parametric imaging on clinical scanner: Direct 4D reconstruction with simultaneous attenuation estimation and time-dependent normalization

V. Y. Panin, H. Bal, M. Defrise, M. E. Casey, N. A. Karakatsanis, A. Rahmim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Whole body dynamic PET imaging has the potential to enhance detectability and quantification when assessing disease stage or progress. The same body region is repeatedly scanned within relatively short acquisition frames and with delays between time samples. Repeated scanning is sensitive to patient motion, which may cause mismatches between attenuation and activity maps and thus erroneous correction factors. Moreover, since count rates change with time, standard software correction factors can be time dependent. The generation of parametric images requires proper physiological modeling and has been shown to benefit from so-called direct 4D reconstruction methods. In this work we extend the MLACF/MLAA algorithms for application to dynamic direct reconstruction. Handling time-dependent normalization requires a redesign of the existing algorithm as well. The reconstruction methodology was verified on Siemens mCT scanner patient data using the standard Patlak model. Different number of frames and scan initiation time points were investigated. Initial results showed that direct 4D reconstruction outperformed the indirect approach. Available CT attenuation information can be corrected based on emission data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2015 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, NSS/MIC 2015
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781467398626
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 3 2016
Event2015 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, NSS/MIC 2015 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Oct 31 2015Nov 7 2015

Other

Other2015 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, NSS/MIC 2015
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period10/31/1511/7/15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Instrumentation

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    Panin, V. Y., Bal, H., Defrise, M., Casey, M. E., Karakatsanis, N. A., & Rahmim, A. (2016). Whole body parametric imaging on clinical scanner: Direct 4D reconstruction with simultaneous attenuation estimation and time-dependent normalization. In 2015 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, NSS/MIC 2015 [7582244] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/NSSMIC.2015.7582244