Which patients with heart failure should receive specialist palliative care?

Ross T. Campbell, Mark C. Petrie, Colette E. Jackson, Pardeep S. Jhund, Ann Wright, Roy S. Gardner, Piotr Sonecki, Andrea Pozzi, Paula McSkimming, Alex McConnachie, Fiona Finlay, Patricia M Davidson, Martin A. Denvir, Miriam J. Johnson, Karen J. Hogg, John J.V. McMurray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims: We investigated which patients with heart failure (HF) should receive specialist palliative care (SPC) by first creating a definition of need for SPC in patients hospitalised with HF using patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and then testing this definition using the outcome of days alive and out of hospital (DAOH). We also evaluated which baseline variables predicted need for SPC and whether those with this need received SPC. Methods and results: PROMs assessing quality of life (QoL), symptoms, and mood were administered at baseline and every 4 months. SPC need was defined as persistently severe impairment of any PROM without improvement (or severe impairment immediately preceding death). We then tested whether need for SPC, so defined, was reflected in DAOH, a measure which combines length of stay, days of hospital re-admission, and days lost due to death. Of 272 patients recruited, 74 (27%) met the definition of SPC needs. These patients lived one third fewer DAOH than those without SPC need (and less than a quarter of QoL-adjusted DAOH). A Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) summary score of <29 identified patients who subsequently had SPC needs (area under receiver operating characteristic curve 0.78). Twenty-four per cent of patients with SPC needs actually received SPC (n = 18). Conclusions: A quarter of patients hospitalised with HF had a need for SPC and were identified by a low KCCQ score on admission. Those with SPC need spent many fewer DAOH and their DAOH were of significantly worse quality. Very few patients with SPC needs accessed SPC services.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1338-1347
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Heart Failure
Volume20
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

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Palliative Care
Heart Failure
Cardiomyopathies
Quality of Life
ROC Curve
Length of Stay

Keywords

  • Heart failure
  • Palliative care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Campbell, R. T., Petrie, M. C., Jackson, C. E., Jhund, P. S., Wright, A., Gardner, R. S., ... McMurray, J. J. V. (2018). Which patients with heart failure should receive specialist palliative care? European Journal of Heart Failure, 20(9), 1338-1347. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejhf.1240

Which patients with heart failure should receive specialist palliative care? / Campbell, Ross T.; Petrie, Mark C.; Jackson, Colette E.; Jhund, Pardeep S.; Wright, Ann; Gardner, Roy S.; Sonecki, Piotr; Pozzi, Andrea; McSkimming, Paula; McConnachie, Alex; Finlay, Fiona; Davidson, Patricia M; Denvir, Martin A.; Johnson, Miriam J.; Hogg, Karen J.; McMurray, John J.V.

In: European Journal of Heart Failure, Vol. 20, No. 9, 01.09.2018, p. 1338-1347.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Campbell, RT, Petrie, MC, Jackson, CE, Jhund, PS, Wright, A, Gardner, RS, Sonecki, P, Pozzi, A, McSkimming, P, McConnachie, A, Finlay, F, Davidson, PM, Denvir, MA, Johnson, MJ, Hogg, KJ & McMurray, JJV 2018, 'Which patients with heart failure should receive specialist palliative care?', European Journal of Heart Failure, vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 1338-1347. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejhf.1240
Campbell RT, Petrie MC, Jackson CE, Jhund PS, Wright A, Gardner RS et al. Which patients with heart failure should receive specialist palliative care? European Journal of Heart Failure. 2018 Sep 1;20(9):1338-1347. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejhf.1240
Campbell, Ross T. ; Petrie, Mark C. ; Jackson, Colette E. ; Jhund, Pardeep S. ; Wright, Ann ; Gardner, Roy S. ; Sonecki, Piotr ; Pozzi, Andrea ; McSkimming, Paula ; McConnachie, Alex ; Finlay, Fiona ; Davidson, Patricia M ; Denvir, Martin A. ; Johnson, Miriam J. ; Hogg, Karen J. ; McMurray, John J.V. / Which patients with heart failure should receive specialist palliative care?. In: European Journal of Heart Failure. 2018 ; Vol. 20, No. 9. pp. 1338-1347.
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abstract = "Aims: We investigated which patients with heart failure (HF) should receive specialist palliative care (SPC) by first creating a definition of need for SPC in patients hospitalised with HF using patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and then testing this definition using the outcome of days alive and out of hospital (DAOH). We also evaluated which baseline variables predicted need for SPC and whether those with this need received SPC. Methods and results: PROMs assessing quality of life (QoL), symptoms, and mood were administered at baseline and every 4 months. SPC need was defined as persistently severe impairment of any PROM without improvement (or severe impairment immediately preceding death). We then tested whether need for SPC, so defined, was reflected in DAOH, a measure which combines length of stay, days of hospital re-admission, and days lost due to death. Of 272 patients recruited, 74 (27{\%}) met the definition of SPC needs. These patients lived one third fewer DAOH than those without SPC need (and less than a quarter of QoL-adjusted DAOH). A Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) summary score of <29 identified patients who subsequently had SPC needs (area under receiver operating characteristic curve 0.78). Twenty-four per cent of patients with SPC needs actually received SPC (n = 18). Conclusions: A quarter of patients hospitalised with HF had a need for SPC and were identified by a low KCCQ score on admission. Those with SPC need spent many fewer DAOH and their DAOH were of significantly worse quality. Very few patients with SPC needs accessed SPC services.",
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AU - Campbell, Ross T.

AU - Petrie, Mark C.

AU - Jackson, Colette E.

AU - Jhund, Pardeep S.

AU - Wright, Ann

AU - Gardner, Roy S.

AU - Sonecki, Piotr

AU - Pozzi, Andrea

AU - McSkimming, Paula

AU - McConnachie, Alex

AU - Finlay, Fiona

AU - Davidson, Patricia M

AU - Denvir, Martin A.

AU - Johnson, Miriam J.

AU - Hogg, Karen J.

AU - McMurray, John J.V.

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N2 - Aims: We investigated which patients with heart failure (HF) should receive specialist palliative care (SPC) by first creating a definition of need for SPC in patients hospitalised with HF using patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and then testing this definition using the outcome of days alive and out of hospital (DAOH). We also evaluated which baseline variables predicted need for SPC and whether those with this need received SPC. Methods and results: PROMs assessing quality of life (QoL), symptoms, and mood were administered at baseline and every 4 months. SPC need was defined as persistently severe impairment of any PROM without improvement (or severe impairment immediately preceding death). We then tested whether need for SPC, so defined, was reflected in DAOH, a measure which combines length of stay, days of hospital re-admission, and days lost due to death. Of 272 patients recruited, 74 (27%) met the definition of SPC needs. These patients lived one third fewer DAOH than those without SPC need (and less than a quarter of QoL-adjusted DAOH). A Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) summary score of <29 identified patients who subsequently had SPC needs (area under receiver operating characteristic curve 0.78). Twenty-four per cent of patients with SPC needs actually received SPC (n = 18). Conclusions: A quarter of patients hospitalised with HF had a need for SPC and were identified by a low KCCQ score on admission. Those with SPC need spent many fewer DAOH and their DAOH were of significantly worse quality. Very few patients with SPC needs accessed SPC services.

AB - Aims: We investigated which patients with heart failure (HF) should receive specialist palliative care (SPC) by first creating a definition of need for SPC in patients hospitalised with HF using patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and then testing this definition using the outcome of days alive and out of hospital (DAOH). We also evaluated which baseline variables predicted need for SPC and whether those with this need received SPC. Methods and results: PROMs assessing quality of life (QoL), symptoms, and mood were administered at baseline and every 4 months. SPC need was defined as persistently severe impairment of any PROM without improvement (or severe impairment immediately preceding death). We then tested whether need for SPC, so defined, was reflected in DAOH, a measure which combines length of stay, days of hospital re-admission, and days lost due to death. Of 272 patients recruited, 74 (27%) met the definition of SPC needs. These patients lived one third fewer DAOH than those without SPC need (and less than a quarter of QoL-adjusted DAOH). A Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) summary score of <29 identified patients who subsequently had SPC needs (area under receiver operating characteristic curve 0.78). Twenty-four per cent of patients with SPC needs actually received SPC (n = 18). Conclusions: A quarter of patients hospitalised with HF had a need for SPC and were identified by a low KCCQ score on admission. Those with SPC need spent many fewer DAOH and their DAOH were of significantly worse quality. Very few patients with SPC needs accessed SPC services.

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