Which better predicts mortality among older men, a prostate cancer (PCa) diagnosis or vulnerability on the Vulnerable Elders Survey (VES-13)? A retrospective cohort study

Lisa M. Lowenstein, Supriya G. Mohile, Heather Hopkins Gil, Chintan Pandya, Joshua Hemmerich, Miriam Rodin, William Dale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Older men with a prostate cancer (PCa) diagnosis face competing mortality risks. Little is known about the prevalence of vulnerability and predictors of mortality in this population compared to men without a PCa diagnosis. We examined the predictive utility of the Vulnerable Elders Survey (VES-13) for mortality in older men with a PCa diagnosis as compared to controls. Materials and Methods: Men aged ≥ 65 years from an urban geriatrics clinic completed the VES-13 between 2003 and 2008. Each patient with a PCa diagnosis was matched by age to five controls, resulting in 59 patients with a PCa diagnosis and 318 controls. Cox proportional hazard models were used to determine the association of a PCa diagnosis and vulnerability on the VES-13 with mortality. Results and Conclusions: The mean age for men with a PCa diagnosis and controls was 77.9 years and 76.1 years, respectively. Of those with a PCa diagnosis, 74.6% had no active disease or a rising PSA only. Regardless of PCa diagnosis, vulnerable individuals on the VES-13 were more likely to die during the study period (VES-13 ≥ 3: HR = 4.46, p < 0.01; VES13 ≥ 6: HR = 3.77, p < 0.01). Men with a PCa diagnosis were not more likely to die compared to age-matched controls (VES-13 ≥ 3: HR = 1.14, p = 0.59; VES13 ≥ 6: HR = 1.06, p = 0.83). Vulnerability for men with a PCa diagnosis was more predictive of mortality. Therefore, the assessment of vulnerability is important for establishing goals of care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)437-443
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Geriatric Oncology
Volume7
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Mortality
  • Prostate cancer
  • Vulnerability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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