When HIV-prevention messages and gender norms clash: The impact of domestic violence on women's HIV risk in slums of Chennai, India

Vivian F. Go, C. Johnson Sethulakshmi, Margaret E. Bentley, Sudha Sivaram, A. K. Srikrishnan, Suniti Solomon, David D. Celentano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper examines how marital violence affects women's ability to protect themselves from HIV/AIDS. In-depth interviews (n = 48) and focus groups (n = 84, 3-7 per group) were conducted among men and women in two randomly selected slums of Chennai, India. The study showed that community gender norms tacitly sanction domestic violence that interferes with adopting HIV-preventive behaviors. Given the choice between the immediate threat of violence and the relatively hypothetical specter of HIV, women often resign themselves to sexual demands and indiscretions that may increase their risk of HIV acquisition. In conclusion, AIDS-prevention interventions must incorporate gender-related social contexts in settings where husbands strictly enforce their locus of control. HIV-prevention messages targeting men may effectively reduce women's exposure to HIV/AIDS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-272
Number of pages10
JournalAIDS and behavior
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2003

Keywords

  • Gender norms
  • HIV/AIDS
  • India
  • Violence
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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