What happened to Guinea worm control? An issue of water quality and health improvements

May Yacoob, William R Brieger, Susan Watts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The prevailing emphasis in child survival programs excludes any integrated efforts in water and sanitation. The reason has been the widespread belief that selective primary health care is more cost-effective in lowering child mortality. Yet this is not the case. Studies have clearly shown that rural water projects are not only affordable, but that the community's active involvement in them stimulates greater participation in other child health activities. This article &scribes the debilitating effectsof guinea worm, a waterborne disease that is easily prevented through simple interventions to improve water quality, but nevertheless is allowed to disrupt all aspects of rural social and economic life through much of Africa and Asia. Studies in two Nigerian communities illustrate that the mothers afflicted were so thoroughly disabled and immobilized, over such long periods of time, that they were unable to care for themselves, their businesses, their homes, or even their children. Such incapacity is profoundly threatening to children because, in the study group, immunizations were missed, malarial and diarrheal episodes went untreated or improperly selftreated, breastfeeding became difficult, and food consumption dropped Because the mothers attacked by guinea worm cannotparticipatefully in child survival activities, policiesshould be redefined to include emphasis on clean, convenient water supplies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-34
Number of pages8
JournalWater International
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

water quality
child mortality
breastfeeding
waterborne disease
primary health care
child health
immunization
food consumption
sanitation
water supply
water
health
economics
cost
project
programme
Asia
Africa
participation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

What happened to Guinea worm control? An issue of water quality and health improvements. / Yacoob, May; Brieger, William R; Watts, Susan.

In: Water International, Vol. 15, No. 1, 1990, p. 27-34.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{8ff63575662848c69d1e2331099523a9,
title = "What happened to Guinea worm control? An issue of water quality and health improvements",
abstract = "The prevailing emphasis in child survival programs excludes any integrated efforts in water and sanitation. The reason has been the widespread belief that selective primary health care is more cost-effective in lowering child mortality. Yet this is not the case. Studies have clearly shown that rural water projects are not only affordable, but that the community's active involvement in them stimulates greater participation in other child health activities. This article &scribes the debilitating effectsof guinea worm, a waterborne disease that is easily prevented through simple interventions to improve water quality, but nevertheless is allowed to disrupt all aspects of rural social and economic life through much of Africa and Asia. Studies in two Nigerian communities illustrate that the mothers afflicted were so thoroughly disabled and immobilized, over such long periods of time, that they were unable to care for themselves, their businesses, their homes, or even their children. Such incapacity is profoundly threatening to children because, in the study group, immunizations were missed, malarial and diarrheal episodes went untreated or improperly selftreated, breastfeeding became difficult, and food consumption dropped Because the mothers attacked by guinea worm cannotparticipatefully in child survival activities, policiesshould be redefined to include emphasis on clean, convenient water supplies.",
author = "May Yacoob and Brieger, {William R} and Susan Watts",
year = "1990",
doi = "10.1080/02508069008687108",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "15",
pages = "27--34",
journal = "Water International",
issn = "0250-8060",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - What happened to Guinea worm control? An issue of water quality and health improvements

AU - Yacoob, May

AU - Brieger, William R

AU - Watts, Susan

PY - 1990

Y1 - 1990

N2 - The prevailing emphasis in child survival programs excludes any integrated efforts in water and sanitation. The reason has been the widespread belief that selective primary health care is more cost-effective in lowering child mortality. Yet this is not the case. Studies have clearly shown that rural water projects are not only affordable, but that the community's active involvement in them stimulates greater participation in other child health activities. This article &scribes the debilitating effectsof guinea worm, a waterborne disease that is easily prevented through simple interventions to improve water quality, but nevertheless is allowed to disrupt all aspects of rural social and economic life through much of Africa and Asia. Studies in two Nigerian communities illustrate that the mothers afflicted were so thoroughly disabled and immobilized, over such long periods of time, that they were unable to care for themselves, their businesses, their homes, or even their children. Such incapacity is profoundly threatening to children because, in the study group, immunizations were missed, malarial and diarrheal episodes went untreated or improperly selftreated, breastfeeding became difficult, and food consumption dropped Because the mothers attacked by guinea worm cannotparticipatefully in child survival activities, policiesshould be redefined to include emphasis on clean, convenient water supplies.

AB - The prevailing emphasis in child survival programs excludes any integrated efforts in water and sanitation. The reason has been the widespread belief that selective primary health care is more cost-effective in lowering child mortality. Yet this is not the case. Studies have clearly shown that rural water projects are not only affordable, but that the community's active involvement in them stimulates greater participation in other child health activities. This article &scribes the debilitating effectsof guinea worm, a waterborne disease that is easily prevented through simple interventions to improve water quality, but nevertheless is allowed to disrupt all aspects of rural social and economic life through much of Africa and Asia. Studies in two Nigerian communities illustrate that the mothers afflicted were so thoroughly disabled and immobilized, over such long periods of time, that they were unable to care for themselves, their businesses, their homes, or even their children. Such incapacity is profoundly threatening to children because, in the study group, immunizations were missed, malarial and diarrheal episodes went untreated or improperly selftreated, breastfeeding became difficult, and food consumption dropped Because the mothers attacked by guinea worm cannotparticipatefully in child survival activities, policiesshould be redefined to include emphasis on clean, convenient water supplies.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025083029&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0025083029&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/02508069008687108

DO - 10.1080/02508069008687108

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0025083029

VL - 15

SP - 27

EP - 34

JO - Water International

JF - Water International

SN - 0250-8060

IS - 1

ER -