What does transesophageal echocardiography add to valvular heart surgery?

Colleen Gorman Koch, Bonnie L. Milas, Joseph S. Savino

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


No single monitoring tool in the last decade has had more of an effect on intraoperative decision making and surgical management of cardiac valvular pathologies than has TEE. It has become the standard of care for evaluating reparative valvular procedures, thus providing an immediate gauge of the surgical results and helping to avoid suboptimal surgical outcomes. As the technology of TEE and its application advance, so too should the ability to diagnose and manage valvular pathologies, broaden the range of surgical options, and ultimately improve patient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)587-611
Number of pages25
JournalAnesthesiology Clinics of North America
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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