What do we know about brain contrast enhancement patterns in neuromyelitis optica?

Yeliz Pekcevik, Gunes Orman, In Ho Lee, Maureen A. Mealy, Michael Levy, Izlem Izbudak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an autoimmune disorder of the central nervous system that usually presents with acute myelitis and/or optic neuritis. Recently, some brain magnetic resonance imaging findings have been described in NMO that are important in the differential diagnosis. Pencil-thin, leptomeningeal, and cloud-like enhancement may be specific to NMO. These patterns are usually seen during relapses. Recognizing these lesions and enhancement patterns may expedite the diagnosis and allows early effective treatment. The purpose of this article is to review the latest knowledge and to share our experience with the contrast enhancement patterns of NMO brain lesions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)573-580
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Imaging
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2016

Keywords

  • Brain
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Neuroimaging
  • Neuromyelitis optica

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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    Pekcevik, Y., Orman, G., Lee, I. H., Mealy, M. A., Levy, M., & Izbudak, I. (2016). What do we know about brain contrast enhancement patterns in neuromyelitis optica? Clinical Imaging, 40(3), 573-580. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2015.07.027