Weight regain in patients with symptoms of post-bariatric surgery hypoglycemia

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Abstract

Background: Weight regain (WR) and symptoms of post-bariatric surgery hypoglycemia (PBSH) are metabolic complications observed in a subset of postbariatric patients. Whether hypoglycemic symptoms are an important driver of increased caloric intake and WR after bariatric surgery is unknown. Objective: This study aims to determine whether patients with PBSH symptoms have greater odds for WR. Setting: Tertiary academic hospital. Methods: Patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy at our tertiary academic hospital from August 2008 to August 2012 were mailed a survey, from which weight trajectory and PBSH symptoms were assessed. Percent WR was calculated as 100×(current weight-nadir weight)/(preoperative weight-nadir weight) and was compared between dates of survey completion and bariatric surgery. The primary outcome was WR≥10%, as a reflection of the median WR among respondents. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine clinical factors that indicate greater odds for WR≥10% at the P<.05 level. Results: Of 1119 potential patients, 428 respondents (40.6%) were eligible for analysis. WR was observed in 79.2% (n = 339), while 20.8% (n = 89) experienced either weight loss or no WR at a mean of 40.6±14.5 months. Median WR was 10.8% (interquartile range, 5.6-19.4). Odds of WR≥10% was significantly increased in those who experienced PBSH symptoms (odds ratio [OR] = 1.66; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04-2.65), reported less adherence to nutritional guideline (OR = 2.36; 95% CI: 1.52-3.67), and had a longer time since surgery (OR = 1.05; 95% CI: 1.03-1.07). Conclusions: We found evidence that the presence of PBSH symptoms was associated with WR. Future studies should elucidate the role of hypoglycemia among other factors in post-bariatric surgery WR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSurgery for Obesity and Related Diseases
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

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Keywords

  • Bariatric surgery
  • Glucose metabolism
  • Postbariatric hypoglycemia
  • Treatment outcomes
  • Weight regain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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