Wegener granulomatosis: Ct features of parenchymal lung disease

Janet E. Kuhlman, Ralph H. Hruban, Elliot K. Fishman, Janet E. Kuhlman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Chest CT from eight patients with pulmonary Wegener granulomatosis were reviewed. The CT features of parenchymal lung involvement included multiple nodules or masses (seven of eight; 88%), ranging in size from 0.3 to 5.0 cm. Lung nodules demonstrated distinct feeding vessels in seven of eight patients (88%); and lesions similar to pulmonary infarcts, i.e., peripheral wedge-shaped lesions abutting the pleura, were identified in seven cases (88%). Scarring, spiculation, and pleural tags emanating from pulmonary nodules were prominent features (seven of eight; 88%). Other findings included cavitation (four of eight; 50%), air bronchograms through nodules (two of eight; 25%), and pleural effusions (two of eight; 25%). One patient on immunosuppressant therapy also demonstrated scattered ground glass infiltrates due to complicating pneumocystis pneumonia. In comparison to corresponding conventional chest radiography, CT examinations revealed more parenchymal lesions in five of eight cases (63%) and bilateral disease instead of unilateral disease in one of eight cases (13%). Feeding vessels were only identified on CT. Wegener granulomatosis is a primary necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis, and when it affects the lung it demonstrates CT features that are similar to other vessel-related disorders of the lung such as septic emboli, pulmonary infarcts, and tumor emboli of hematogenous metastases. We believe that these CT features-nodules with feeding vessels and wedge-shaped lesions abutting the pleura-are related to the necrotizing angiitis that affects pulmonary arteries and veins in this disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)948-952
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of computer assisted tomography
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1991

Keywords

  • Computed tomography
  • Diseases
  • Lungs
  • Vasculitis
  • Wegener granulomatosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Wegener granulomatosis: Ct features of parenchymal lung disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this