Weekly enrollment and usage patterns in an Internet smoking cessation intervention

Kevin Welding, Elaine De Leon, Sarah Cha, Morgan Johnson, Joanna E Cohen, Amanda L. Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Previous analyses of Google search queries identified circaseptan (weekly) rhythms in smoking cessation information seeking, with Google searches for “quit” and “smoking” peaking early in the week. Similar patterns were observed for smoking cessation treatment seeking, such as calls to quitlines. These findings suggest that smoking cessation behaviors may have a weekly rhythm that could be leveraged to improve smoking cessation efforts. Aims To assess whether weekly enrollment and usage patterns exist for an Internet smoking cessation intervention. Methods We used process data from a large, longstanding Internet smoking cessation intervention (www.becomeanex.org). Pearson's chi-squared tests were performed to identify day-of-the week differences in enrollment, first visit to site community pages, and quit date. Differences were considered statistically significant at the 1% level if p < 0.00167 due to multiple comparisons. Regression analysis was used to examine differences in engagement activity based on the day of the week a user enrolled. Results Website users (n = 69,237) were more likely to enroll on the site at the beginning of the week (Mondays and Tuesdays) (p < 0.0001). Current smokers who selected quit dates (n = 5574) preferred quit dates that came early in the week (Sundays and Mondays) compared to other weekdays (p < 0.0001). Generally, there were no significant differences in overall website utilization metrics by day of enrollment, but there were some exceptions. Use of interactive features to select quit dates, track cigarette use, and record coping strategies was generally lower for Friday/Saturday enrollees. Conclusions Consistent with prior research, the beginning of the week appears to be a time when individuals are more likely to enroll in an Internet smoking cessation intervention and engage with its core features. Emphasizing marketing and promotional efforts during the beginning of the week could result in greater reach of Internet smoking cessation interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)100-105
Number of pages6
JournalInternet Interventions
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

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Smoking Cessation
Internet
Withholding Treatment
Marketing
Tobacco Products
Smoking
Regression Analysis
Research

Keywords

  • Internet interventions
  • Smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics

Cite this

Weekly enrollment and usage patterns in an Internet smoking cessation intervention. / Welding, Kevin; De Leon, Elaine; Cha, Sarah; Johnson, Morgan; Cohen, Joanna E; Graham, Amanda L.

In: Internet Interventions, Vol. 9, 01.09.2017, p. 100-105.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Welding, Kevin ; De Leon, Elaine ; Cha, Sarah ; Johnson, Morgan ; Cohen, Joanna E ; Graham, Amanda L. / Weekly enrollment and usage patterns in an Internet smoking cessation intervention. In: Internet Interventions. 2017 ; Vol. 9. pp. 100-105.
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abstract = "Background Previous analyses of Google search queries identified circaseptan (weekly) rhythms in smoking cessation information seeking, with Google searches for “quit” and “smoking” peaking early in the week. Similar patterns were observed for smoking cessation treatment seeking, such as calls to quitlines. These findings suggest that smoking cessation behaviors may have a weekly rhythm that could be leveraged to improve smoking cessation efforts. Aims To assess whether weekly enrollment and usage patterns exist for an Internet smoking cessation intervention. Methods We used process data from a large, longstanding Internet smoking cessation intervention (www.becomeanex.org). Pearson's chi-squared tests were performed to identify day-of-the week differences in enrollment, first visit to site community pages, and quit date. Differences were considered statistically significant at the 1{\%} level if p < 0.00167 due to multiple comparisons. Regression analysis was used to examine differences in engagement activity based on the day of the week a user enrolled. Results Website users (n = 69,237) were more likely to enroll on the site at the beginning of the week (Mondays and Tuesdays) (p < 0.0001). Current smokers who selected quit dates (n = 5574) preferred quit dates that came early in the week (Sundays and Mondays) compared to other weekdays (p < 0.0001). Generally, there were no significant differences in overall website utilization metrics by day of enrollment, but there were some exceptions. Use of interactive features to select quit dates, track cigarette use, and record coping strategies was generally lower for Friday/Saturday enrollees. Conclusions Consistent with prior research, the beginning of the week appears to be a time when individuals are more likely to enroll in an Internet smoking cessation intervention and engage with its core features. Emphasizing marketing and promotional efforts during the beginning of the week could result in greater reach of Internet smoking cessation interventions.",
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