Purpose: We conducted a Phase II trial of bryostatin-1, an inhibitor of protein kinase C, in advanced renal cell carcinoma to measure toxicity, response rate, time to progression, and induction of cytokines. Experimental Design: A total of 32 patients (26 male and 6 female) received bryostatin-1 at 35-40 ̀g/m2 i.v. over 1 h on days 1, 8, and 15 of each 4-week cycle. Plasma interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, and C-reactive protein levels were assayed pretreatment, 1 and 23 h after completion of bryostatin-1 infusion at weeks 1 and 5. Results: Cycles (102) of bryostatin-1 were given (median 2, range 1-8). The most common grade 1 or 2 toxicities were myalgias (46.8%), fatigue (59.3%), and dyspnea (18.8%). Grade 3-4 toxicity included myalgias (40.6%), ataxia (9.3%), and dyspnea (15.6%). Four (12%) patients experienced cardiac events while on study (cardiac arrhythmias and congestive heart failure occurred in 2 patients, and 2 patients had fatal cardiac arrests). Of 32 patients evaluable for response, 2 (6.3%) had partial responses lasting 9 with 6 months. A total of 15 patients (46.8%) had stable disease, and 6 (18.8%) patients had stable disease for ≥6 months. Plasma interleukin-6 increased ≥2-fold over baseline measurements in 5 of 17 patients (29.4%) but did not correlate with response or toxicity. Conclusions: Although weekly bryostatin-1 at 35-40 μg/m2 produced a low proportion of objective responses, prolonged (>6 months) stable disease or partial remission in 25% of patients suggests that this agent, or other inhibitors of protein kinase C, may have a role in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma, perhaps in combination with other agents.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|Issue number||1 I|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research