Warfighter protection: From Benchtop to battlefield

Morgana M. Trexler, Alexis C. Wickwire, Quang T. Luong, Vanessa D. Alphonse, Kyle A. Ott, Jiangyue Zhang, Jessica E. Dymond, Timothy Harrigan, Catherine M. Carneal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Our warfighters are exposed to an increasing variety and severity of ballistic, blast, and underbody blast threats on the battlefield. These threats lead to complex injuries that are not well understood, making protection and treatment challenging. Studying injury mechanisms is critical for our warfighters, but recreating these events is dangerous, costly, and difficult to control. To that end, the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) has developed several test methods, test surrogates, and models that are being used to controllably create battlefield threat conditions in a laboratory environment and investigate effects of these threats on the human body. Models range from in vitro cellular models to physical test surrogates to computational models of the human body. This article describes some controlled laboratory test methods and test surrogates and devices APL has developed and used to simulate ballistic, blast, and underbody blast battlefield conditions, and provides examples of their use and applicability to understanding battlefield injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)359-373
Number of pages15
JournalJohns Hopkins APL Technical Digest (Applied Physics Laboratory)
Volume34
Issue number3
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

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blasts
Ballistics
human body
Physics
ballistics
environment effects
physics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Trexler, M. M., Wickwire, A. C., Luong, Q. T., Alphonse, V. D., Ott, K. A., Zhang, J., ... Carneal, C. M. (2018). Warfighter protection: From Benchtop to battlefield. Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest (Applied Physics Laboratory), 34(3), 359-373.

Warfighter protection : From Benchtop to battlefield. / Trexler, Morgana M.; Wickwire, Alexis C.; Luong, Quang T.; Alphonse, Vanessa D.; Ott, Kyle A.; Zhang, Jiangyue; Dymond, Jessica E.; Harrigan, Timothy; Carneal, Catherine M.

In: Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest (Applied Physics Laboratory), Vol. 34, No. 3, 01.10.2018, p. 359-373.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Trexler, MM, Wickwire, AC, Luong, QT, Alphonse, VD, Ott, KA, Zhang, J, Dymond, JE, Harrigan, T & Carneal, CM 2018, 'Warfighter protection: From Benchtop to battlefield', Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest (Applied Physics Laboratory), vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 359-373.
Trexler MM, Wickwire AC, Luong QT, Alphonse VD, Ott KA, Zhang J et al. Warfighter protection: From Benchtop to battlefield. Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest (Applied Physics Laboratory). 2018 Oct 1;34(3):359-373.
Trexler, Morgana M. ; Wickwire, Alexis C. ; Luong, Quang T. ; Alphonse, Vanessa D. ; Ott, Kyle A. ; Zhang, Jiangyue ; Dymond, Jessica E. ; Harrigan, Timothy ; Carneal, Catherine M. / Warfighter protection : From Benchtop to battlefield. In: Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest (Applied Physics Laboratory). 2018 ; Vol. 34, No. 3. pp. 359-373.
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