Voucher based contingent reinforcement of smoking abstinence among methadone maintained patients: A pilot study

Kelly E. Dunn, Stacey C. Sigmon, Colleen S. Thomas, Saarah H. Heil, Stephen T. Higgins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study evaluated the efficacy of a contingency management (CM) intervention to promote smoking cessation in methadone maintained patients. Twenty participants, randomized into contingent (n = 10) or noncontingent (n = 10) experimental conditions, completed the 14 day study. Abstinence was determined using breath carbon monoxide and urine cotinine levels. Contingent participants received voucher based incentives for biochemical evidence of smoking abstinence. Noncontingent participants earned vouchers independent of smoking status. Contingent participants achieved significantly more smoking abstinence and longer durations of continuous smoking abstinence than did noncontingent participants. These results support the potential efficacy of using voucher based CM to promote smoking cessation among methadone maintained patients. DESCRIPTORS: Contingency management, methadone maintenance, smoking cessation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)527-538
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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