Volume-of-interest imaging using multiple aperture devices

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Volume-of-interest (VOI) imaging is a strategy in computed tomography (CT) that restricts x-ray fluence to particular anatomical targets via dynamic beam modulation. This permits dose reduction while retaining image quality within the VOI. VOI-CT implementation has been challenged historically by a lack of hardware solutions for tailoring the incident fluence to the patient and anatomical site as well as challenges involving interior tomography reconstruction of truncated projection data. In this work, we propose a general VOI-CT imaging framework using multiple aperture devices (MADs), an emerging beam filtration scheme based on two binary x-ray filters. Location of VOI is prescribed using two scout views at anterior-posterior (AP) and lateral perspectives. Based on a calibration of achievable fluence field patterns, MAD motion trajectories designed using an optimization objective that seeks to maximize the relative fluence in the VOI subject to minimum fluence constraints. A modified penalized-likelihood method is developed for reconstruction of heavily truncated data using the full-field scout views to help solve the interior tomography problem. Physical experiments were con- ducted to show the feasibility of non-centered and elliptical VOI in two applications - spine and lung imaging. Improved dose utilization and retained image quality is validated with respect to standard full-field protocols. Compared with full-field scans at reference dose, the MAD-VOI scans reduced total dose by 80% while retaining image quality. We observe that the contrast-to-noise ratio is 30% higher compared with low-dose full-field scans at the same dose usage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2019
Subtitle of host publicationPhysics of Medical Imaging
EditorsHilde Bosmans, Guang-Hong Chen, Taly Gilat Schmidt
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510625433
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
EventMedical Imaging 2019: Physics of Medical Imaging - San Diego, United States
Duration: Feb 17 2019Feb 20 2019

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
Volume10948
ISSN (Print)1605-7422

Conference

ConferenceMedical Imaging 2019: Physics of Medical Imaging
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period2/17/192/20/19

Keywords

  • Fluenceeld modulation
  • Model-based iterative reconstruction
  • Volume-of-interest imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biomaterials
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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  • Cite this

    Wang, W., Gang, J., Siewerdsen, J., & Stayman, J. W. (2019). Volume-of-interest imaging using multiple aperture devices. In H. Bosmans, G-H. Chen, & T. G. Schmidt (Eds.), Medical Imaging 2019: Physics of Medical Imaging [1094823] (Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE; Vol. 10948). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2513427