We evaluated the effect of voltage-gated sodium channel 1 (NaV1) blockers in three nonoverlapping C-fiber subtypes in the mouse skin: chloroquine (CQ)-sensitive C-fibers with high mechanical thresholds—itch C-fibers; second, CQ-insensitive, capsaicin-sensitive C-fibers with high mechanical thresholds—nociceptors; and CQ and capsaicin-insensitive C-fibers with a very low mechanical threshold—C-LTMs. NaV1-blocking drugs were applied to the nerve terminal receptive fields using an innervated isolated dorsal mouse skin-nerve preparation where the drugs are delivered into the skin intra-arterially. We combined these studies with an analysis of the mRNA expression of the a-subunits of NaV1 in individual dorsal root ganglia neurons labeled from the same region of the skin. Our results show that virtually all nociceptors and itch C-fibers expressed the tetrodotoxin (TTX)-resistant channels NaV1.8 and NaV1.9. However, TTX applied selectively into the skin abolished the action potential firing in response to mechanical stimulation in 75% of the itch C-fibers, 100% of the nociceptors, and 100% of C-LTMs. NaV1.7 was the most commonly expressed TTX-sensitive NaV1 in all three C-fiber subtypes innervating the dorsal skin. Selectively blocking NaV1.7 abolished responses in about 40% of itch C-fibers, 65% of nociceptors, but only 20% of C-LTMs. Blocking NaV1.8 alone had no affect on the firing sensitivity of the C-fibers. However, in itch and nociceptive C-fibers where the activation was not inhibited with a NaV1.7 blocker, adding the NaV1.8 blocker silenced action potential discharge.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2018|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine