Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome in children compared to adults

Khalid F. Tabbara, Pamela S. Chavis, William R. Freeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To study the course and visual outcome of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome in children. Methods: The medical records of 97 consecutive patients with VKH syndrome were reviewed. Patients had been seen at King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The records were divided into two groups: those in whom the onset of the disease occurred at the age of 14 years or younger (pediatric group) and those in whom the disease manifested after the age of 14 years (adult group). Results: Eight (61%) of the 13 children required cataract surgery compared to 14 (17%) of 84 adult patients. Despite medical and surgical therapy, eight (61%) of the pediatric group had a final visual acuity of 20/200 or worse compared with 22 (26%) of the 84 adult patients (p = 0.0103). Conclusion:: The course of early-onset VKH (before the age of 14 years) appears to be aggressive. The ocular complications are more severe in children than in adults, leading to rapid deterioration in vision. Despite therapy, the final visual outcome of VKH in children is poor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)723-726
Number of pages4
JournalActa Ophthalmologica Scandinavica
Volume76
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cataract
  • Glaucoma
  • Uveitis
  • Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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    Tabbara, K. F., Chavis, P. S., & Freeman, W. R. (1998). Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome in children compared to adults. Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica, 76(6), 723-726.