Vitamin Usage Patterns in the Prevention of Advanced Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Leon D. Charkoudian, Emily W. Gower, Sharon D. Solomon, Andrew P. Schachat, Neil M. Bressler, Susan B. Bressler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To describe micronutrient usage patterns among patients at a tertiary ophthalmic center. Design: Cross-sectional clinical case series. Participants: Three hundred thirty-two adult patients with a diagnosis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: Participants were surveyed about micronutrient usage patterns. The treating ophthalmologist recorded AMD severity using the Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS) classification system. Main Outcome Measures: Responses to study questionnaire and level of AMD severity. Results: Among 332 participants, 309 (93%) were using supplements, among which 174 (52%) supplemented with an AREDS-like formulation. Of these 174, 140 (80%) were considered AREDS supplement candidates based on study guidelines. Applying AREDS supplementation guidelines to the full cohort, 228 (69%) were candidates for supplementation. Only 140 (61%) of these individuals were confirmed to be using the correct formulation and dosage; an additional 13 (6%) used the AREDS formulation but were not using the recommended dosage. Conclusions: Among patients receiving care for AMD at a tertiary retinal center, more than one third of those deemed candidates for AREDS-type supplements were not using them or were using an incorrect dose. Furthermore, nearly one fifth of participants who were using high-dose supplements did not have a level of AMD anticipated to benefit from usage. Increased patient education is needed regarding the recommendations of AREDS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1032-1038.e4
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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