Vitamin D3 supplementation in obese, African-American, vitamin D deficient adolescents

Sheela Magge, Divya Prasad, Babette S. Zemel, Andrea Kelly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: Obese, African-American (AA) adolescents are at increased risk for vitamin D deficiency. The primary objective of this pilot study was to examine the effect of vitamin D supplementation upon 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25OHD) levels in obese, AA adolescents. Methods: A randomized, double-blinded, controlled pilot study included 26 obese (BMI ≥ 95%ile), vitamin D deficient (25OHD < 20 ng/mL), pubertal AA adolescents (ages 12–17). Subjects received cholecalciferol 1000 IU or 5000 IU daily for 3 months. Serum 25OHD, vitamin D binding protein, parathyroid hormone, and cardiometabolic risk markers were obtained at baseline and post-treatment. Results: Of 39 subjects enrolled, 26 (67%) were vitamin D deficient (mean 25OHD 12.0 ± 3.8 ng/mL) at baseline and were randomized, with 22 completing the study. Sex, age, season, pubertal stage, BMI, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and 25OHD were similar at baseline between the 1000 IU and 5000 IU groups. Post-treatment, 25OHD increased less in the 1000 IU group (5.6 ng/mL, p = 0.03) vs. the 5000 IU group (15.6 ng/mL, p = 0.002). 83% of the 5000 IU group and 30% of the 1000 IU group reached post-treatment 25OHD ≥ 20 ng/mL (p = 0.01); 50% of the 5000 IU group, but no subject from the 1000 IU group, achieved 25OHD ≥ 30 ng/mL (p = 0.009). We detected no group differences in mineral metabolites or cardiometabolic risk markers following supplementation. Conclusions: Cholecalciferol dosing in excess of the current Institute of Medicine dietary reference intakes was required to achieve 25OHD levels ≥20 ng/mL in obese, AA adolescents. Supplementation of 5000 IU may be required to achieve the desired goal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical and Translational Endocrinology
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

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Cholecalciferol
Vitamin D
African Americans
Vitamin D-Binding Protein
Recommended Dietary Allowances
National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (U.S.) Health and Medicine Division
Vitamin D Deficiency
Parathyroid Hormone
Minerals
Insulin Resistance
Therapeutics
Serum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Vitamin D3 supplementation in obese, African-American, vitamin D deficient adolescents. / Magge, Sheela; Prasad, Divya; Zemel, Babette S.; Kelly, Andrea.

In: Journal of Clinical and Translational Endocrinology, Vol. 12, 01.06.2018, p. 1-7.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Objectives: Obese, African-American (AA) adolescents are at increased risk for vitamin D deficiency. The primary objective of this pilot study was to examine the effect of vitamin D supplementation upon 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25OHD) levels in obese, AA adolescents. Methods: A randomized, double-blinded, controlled pilot study included 26 obese (BMI ≥ 95{\%}ile), vitamin D deficient (25OHD < 20 ng/mL), pubertal AA adolescents (ages 12–17). Subjects received cholecalciferol 1000 IU or 5000 IU daily for 3 months. Serum 25OHD, vitamin D binding protein, parathyroid hormone, and cardiometabolic risk markers were obtained at baseline and post-treatment. Results: Of 39 subjects enrolled, 26 (67{\%}) were vitamin D deficient (mean 25OHD 12.0 ± 3.8 ng/mL) at baseline and were randomized, with 22 completing the study. Sex, age, season, pubertal stage, BMI, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and 25OHD were similar at baseline between the 1000 IU and 5000 IU groups. Post-treatment, 25OHD increased less in the 1000 IU group (5.6 ng/mL, p = 0.03) vs. the 5000 IU group (15.6 ng/mL, p = 0.002). 83{\%} of the 5000 IU group and 30{\%} of the 1000 IU group reached post-treatment 25OHD ≥ 20 ng/mL (p = 0.01); 50{\%} of the 5000 IU group, but no subject from the 1000 IU group, achieved 25OHD ≥ 30 ng/mL (p = 0.009). We detected no group differences in mineral metabolites or cardiometabolic risk markers following supplementation. Conclusions: Cholecalciferol dosing in excess of the current Institute of Medicine dietary reference intakes was required to achieve 25OHD levels ≥20 ng/mL in obese, AA adolescents. Supplementation of 5000 IU may be required to achieve the desired goal.",
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AB - Objectives: Obese, African-American (AA) adolescents are at increased risk for vitamin D deficiency. The primary objective of this pilot study was to examine the effect of vitamin D supplementation upon 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25OHD) levels in obese, AA adolescents. Methods: A randomized, double-blinded, controlled pilot study included 26 obese (BMI ≥ 95%ile), vitamin D deficient (25OHD < 20 ng/mL), pubertal AA adolescents (ages 12–17). Subjects received cholecalciferol 1000 IU or 5000 IU daily for 3 months. Serum 25OHD, vitamin D binding protein, parathyroid hormone, and cardiometabolic risk markers were obtained at baseline and post-treatment. Results: Of 39 subjects enrolled, 26 (67%) were vitamin D deficient (mean 25OHD 12.0 ± 3.8 ng/mL) at baseline and were randomized, with 22 completing the study. Sex, age, season, pubertal stage, BMI, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and 25OHD were similar at baseline between the 1000 IU and 5000 IU groups. Post-treatment, 25OHD increased less in the 1000 IU group (5.6 ng/mL, p = 0.03) vs. the 5000 IU group (15.6 ng/mL, p = 0.002). 83% of the 5000 IU group and 30% of the 1000 IU group reached post-treatment 25OHD ≥ 20 ng/mL (p = 0.01); 50% of the 5000 IU group, but no subject from the 1000 IU group, achieved 25OHD ≥ 30 ng/mL (p = 0.009). We detected no group differences in mineral metabolites or cardiometabolic risk markers following supplementation. Conclusions: Cholecalciferol dosing in excess of the current Institute of Medicine dietary reference intakes was required to achieve 25OHD levels ≥20 ng/mL in obese, AA adolescents. Supplementation of 5000 IU may be required to achieve the desired goal.

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