Vitamin D Insufficiency Is Prevalent among Pregnant African American Adolescents

Lisa McGuire Davis, Shih Chen Chang, Jeri Mancini, Maureen Schulman Nathanson, Frank R Witter, Kimberly O. O'Brien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Study Objective: Recent attention has focused on vitamin D insufficiency but few data exist on vitamin D status among pregnant minority youth. Design: A screening study was undertaken in adolescents having prenatal blood samples drawn for other routine tests obtained during the second trimester (18 ± 1.8 week gestation, n = 44) or third trimester of pregnancy (28.4 ± 2.1 week gestation, n = 36). Serum 25- hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) was measured and significant determinants of vitamin D insufficiency in this cohort were identified. Setting: Urban prenatal clinic. Participants: Eighty pregnant African American adolescents (≤ 18 y of age). Main Outcome Measure(s): Vitamin D status, STDs, hemoglobin, season, birth weight. Results: Serum 25(OH)D in this group averaged 21.6 ± 8 ng/mL (age 16.5 ± 1.1 y, n = 80), and did not significantly differ between the second (20.95 ± 8.2 ng/mL, n = 44) and third trimester cohorts (22.5 ± 7.9 ng/mL, n = 36). Vitamin D insufficiency (<20 ng/mL) was evident in 46.25% and vitamin D deficiency (

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-52
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2010

Fingerprint

Vitamin D
African Americans
Third Pregnancy Trimester
Pregnancy
Vitamin D Deficiency
Second Pregnancy Trimester
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Serum
Birth Weight
Hemoglobins
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

Keywords

  • Bone
  • Calcium
  • Diet
  • Minority
  • Teenage pregnancy
  • Vitamin D

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Vitamin D Insufficiency Is Prevalent among Pregnant African American Adolescents. / Davis, Lisa McGuire; Chang, Shih Chen; Mancini, Jeri; Nathanson, Maureen Schulman; Witter, Frank R; O'Brien, Kimberly O.

In: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, Vol. 23, No. 1, 02.2010, p. 45-52.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Davis, Lisa McGuire ; Chang, Shih Chen ; Mancini, Jeri ; Nathanson, Maureen Schulman ; Witter, Frank R ; O'Brien, Kimberly O. / Vitamin D Insufficiency Is Prevalent among Pregnant African American Adolescents. In: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. 2010 ; Vol. 23, No. 1. pp. 45-52.
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