Vitamin D and vitamin D analogs as cancer chemopreventive agents

Kathryn Z. Guyton, Thomas W. Kensler, Gary H. Posner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Epidemiologic studies have associated vitamin D, attained through nutrition and sun exposure, with reduced cancer risk. Although dose-limiting hypercalcemia has limited the use of natural vitamin D in cancer prevention, several promising new synthetic vitamin D analogs (deltanoids) are under development. Examples are KH-1060, EB-1089, 1 α-hydroxyvitamin D 5, vitamin D2, and QW-1624F2-2. Clinical targets for deltanoids include colon, prostate, and breast. Studies to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying the observed efficacy of deltanoids are ongoing. The vitamin D receptor, a steroid/thyroid receptor superfamily member, appears to control most deltanoid effects on proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation, and angiogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-238
Number of pages12
JournalNutrition reviews
Volume61
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003

Keywords

  • 25-dihydroxyvitamin D analogs
  • Calcitriol analogs
  • Deltanoids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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