Vitamin A supplementation and growth: A randomized community trial

Keith West, E. Djunaedi, A. Pandji, Kusdiono, I. Tarwotjo, Alfred Sommer, A. A. Loedin, I. Satibi, S. Nur, H. Nendrawati, R. Tilden, L. Mele, D. Kraushaar, H. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A randomized community trial was carried out in Aceh, Indonesia, 1982-1984, to assess the impact of semiannual vitamin A (VA) supplementation (60000 μg RE) on preschool child growth: 229 villages were randomized to VA program and 221 to control status. One thousand thirty-two program and 980 control children aged 1-5 y were assessed and followed for 12 mo. VA program males gained an additional ~110 g weight at age 2-3 y (NS), 190 g at age 4 y (p <0.05), and 263 g at age 5 y over control males (p <0.01). Arm circumference and muscle area expanded 2 mm (p <0.05) and ~36 mm2 (p <0.05) more per year, respectively, from ages 3 to 5 y of age and more arm fat was retained at every age (p <0.05 at 1 and 3 y) in VA males. There were no group differences in ponderal growth for females or in linear growth for either sex. VA supplementation may improve growth where endemic deficiency exists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1257-1264
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume48
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1988

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Vitamin A
vitamin A
Growth
montirelin
Weights and Measures
Indonesia
child growth
arm circumference
Preschool Children
preschool children
Fats
villages
Muscles
muscles
gender
lipids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

West, K., Djunaedi, E., Pandji, A., Kusdiono, Tarwotjo, I., Sommer, A., ... Taylor, H. (1988). Vitamin A supplementation and growth: A randomized community trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 48(5), 1257-1264.

Vitamin A supplementation and growth : A randomized community trial. / West, Keith; Djunaedi, E.; Pandji, A.; Kusdiono; Tarwotjo, I.; Sommer, Alfred; Loedin, A. A.; Satibi, I.; Nur, S.; Nendrawati, H.; Tilden, R.; Mele, L.; Kraushaar, D.; Taylor, H.

In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 48, No. 5, 1988, p. 1257-1264.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

West, K, Djunaedi, E, Pandji, A, Kusdiono, Tarwotjo, I, Sommer, A, Loedin, AA, Satibi, I, Nur, S, Nendrawati, H, Tilden, R, Mele, L, Kraushaar, D & Taylor, H 1988, 'Vitamin A supplementation and growth: A randomized community trial', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 1257-1264.
West, Keith ; Djunaedi, E. ; Pandji, A. ; Kusdiono ; Tarwotjo, I. ; Sommer, Alfred ; Loedin, A. A. ; Satibi, I. ; Nur, S. ; Nendrawati, H. ; Tilden, R. ; Mele, L. ; Kraushaar, D. ; Taylor, H. / Vitamin A supplementation and growth : A randomized community trial. In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1988 ; Vol. 48, No. 5. pp. 1257-1264.
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