Vitamin A status was assessed by conjunctival impression cytology (CIC-A) and clinical signs in 60 systematically sampled 36-83 month old children attending a hospital outpatient department on Moen, Truk. Seventeen percent had xerophthalmia (12% with XN, 5% with XN+X1B). More than half (57%) were CIC-A abnormal reflecting mild subclinical vitamin A deficiency. CIC-A abnormal children were more anemic (by hematocrit, p<0.05) and were at greater risk of middle ear infection (OR=3.5, 95% CL: 0.8, 14.5). Vitamin A deficiency appears to be a previously unrecognized nutritional problem among Micronesian children, the causes for which are speculative at present.
- impression cytology
- vitamin A deficiency
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics