Visualizing Functional Network Connectivity Difference between Healthy Control and Major Depressive Disorder Using an Explainable Machine-learning Method

Ji Ye Chun, Mohammad S.E. Sendi, Jing Sui, Dongmei Zhi, Vince D. Calhoun

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a complex mental disorder characterized by a persistent sad feeling and depressed mood. Recent studies reported differences between healthy control (HC) and MDD by looking to brain networks including default mode and cognitive control networks. More recently there has been interest in studying the brain using advanced machine learning-based classification approaches. However, interpreting the model used in the classification between MDD and HC has not been explored yet. In the current study, we classified MDD from HC by estimating whole-brain connectivity using several classification methods including support vector machine, random forest, XGBoost, and convolutional neural network. In addition, we leveraged the SHapley Additive exPlanations (SHAP) approach as a feature learning method to model the difference between these two groups. We found a consistent result among all classification method in regard of the classification accuracy and feature learning. Also, we highlighted the role of other brain networks particularly visual and sensory motor network in the classification between MDD and HC subjects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationEnabling Innovative Technologies for Global Healthcare, EMBC 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1424-1427
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781728119908
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes
Event42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: Jul 20 2020Jul 24 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Volume2020-July
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityMontreal
Period7/20/207/24/20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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