Visual and medical risk factors for motor vehicle collision involvement among older drivers

J. M. Cross, G. McGwin, G. S. Rubin, K. K. Ball, Sheila K West, D. L. Roenker, C. Owsley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims: To identify visual and medical risk factors for motor vehicle collisions (MVCs). Methods: Data from four cohorts of older drivers from three states were pooled (n = 3158). Health information was collected at baseline, and MVC data were obtained prospectively. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate rate ratios (RRs) and 95% CIs for associations between medical characteristics and MVCs. Results: A total of 363 MVCs were observed during the study period (1990-1997), of which 145 were at fault, and 62 were injurious. Falls and impaired useful field of view (UFOV) were positively associated with overall MVCs. At-fault MVCs were also positively associated with falls and UFOV impairment, and inversely with cancer. Injurious MVCs were positively associated with arthritis and neurological disease, and inversely with hypertension. Conclusions: These findings show similarities and differences across the risk factors for all, at-fault and injurious MVCs, and point to the need for verification and possible interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)400-404
Number of pages5
JournalBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume93
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2009

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Motor Vehicles
Arthritis
Hypertension
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

Visual and medical risk factors for motor vehicle collision involvement among older drivers. / Cross, J. M.; McGwin, G.; Rubin, G. S.; Ball, K. K.; West, Sheila K; Roenker, D. L.; Owsley, C.

In: British Journal of Ophthalmology, Vol. 93, No. 3, 03.2009, p. 400-404.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cross, J. M. ; McGwin, G. ; Rubin, G. S. ; Ball, K. K. ; West, Sheila K ; Roenker, D. L. ; Owsley, C. / Visual and medical risk factors for motor vehicle collision involvement among older drivers. In: British Journal of Ophthalmology. 2009 ; Vol. 93, No. 3. pp. 400-404.
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AU - Owsley, C.

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