Visibility of smoking warning on cigarette billboards

Leslie P. Brodsky, Elliott Myrowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Prevention of morbidity and mortality related to cigarette smoking has chiefly relied on public education including the Surgeon Generals smoking warning on cigarettes and cigarette advertising. The visibility of smoking warnings on cigarette billboards is evaluated under static and dynamic conditions. Temporally, the cigarette brand name was found to be visible at least 17 times longer than the smoking warning. Under many conditions it is questionable if the warning is at all visible to the motorist. By coupling regulations of the smoking warning size to the brand name size, visibility would be better ensured.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-124
Number of pages8
JournalOptometry and Vision Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1981
Externally publishedYes


  • Dynamic acuity
  • Smoking warning
  • Visibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry


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