Virtual surgical planning for correction of delayed presentation scaphocephaly using a modified melbourne technique

Alexandra Macmillan, Joseph Lopez, Gerhard S. Mundinger, Melanie Major, Miguel A. Medina, Amir H. Dorafshar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Late treatment of scaphocephaly presents challenges including need for more complex surgery to achieve desired head shape. Virtual surgical planning for total vault reconstruction may mitigate some of these challenges, but has not been studied in this unique and complex clinical setting. Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted for patients with scaphocephaly who presented to our institution between 2000 and 2014. Patients presenting aged 12 months or older who underwent virtual surgical planning-assisted cranial vault reconstruction were included. Patient demographic, intraoperative data, and postoperative outcomes were recorded. Pre- and postoperative anthropometric measurements were obtained to document the fronto-occipital (FO) and biparietal (BP) distance and calculate cephalic index (CI). Virtual surgical planning predicted, and actual postoperative anthropometric measurements were compared. Results: Five patients were identified who fulfilled inclusion criteria. The mean age was 50.6 months. One patient demonstrated signs of elevated intracranial pressure preoperatively. Postoperatively, all but one needed no revisional surgery (Whitaker score of 1). No patient demonstrated postoperative evidence of bony defects, bossing, or suture restenosis. The mean preoperative, simulated, and actual postoperative FO length was 190.3, 182, and 184.3 mm, respectively. The mean preoperative, simulated, and actual postoperative BP length was 129, 130.7, and 131 mm, respectively. The mean preoperative, simulated, and actual postoperative CI was 66, 72, and 71.3, respectively. Conclusions: Based on our early experience, virtual surgical planning using a modified Melbourne technique for total vault remodeling achieves good results in the management of late presenting scaphocephaly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)914-919
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Computer-assisted design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM)
  • craniosynostosis
  • scaphocephaly
  • virtual surgical planning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Virtual surgical planning for correction of delayed presentation scaphocephaly using a modified melbourne technique'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this