Violence against women with HIV risk and recent criminal justice system involvement: Prevalence, correlates, and recommendations for intervention

Brian W. Weir, Ronda S. Bard, Kerth O'Brien, Carol J. Casciato, Michael J. Stark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This research note examines the prevalence and correlates of intimate partner violence (IPV) and other violence (OV) among women (N = 529) at risk for HIV and with histories of criminal justice system involvement. The 3-month prevalences of IPV and OV were 31.2% and 18.7%, respectively. IPV was associated with having a current main partner, substance use, sexual risk behavior, trading sex, anxiety, depression, and lower self-esteem. OV was associated with no current employment or schooling, unstable housing, drug use, trading sex, anxiety, depression, and lower self-esteem. The high prevalence of violence demonstrates the need for intervention in this population; the correlates show that effective interventions must address the complex issues in these women's lives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)944-960
Number of pages17
JournalViolence Against Women
Volume14
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2008

Keywords

  • Criminal justice involvement
  • HIV risk
  • Violence
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Law

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