During a cholera surveillance programme, Vibrio furnissii was isolated in late January and early February 1994 from stool samples collected from 14 persons of whom six had diarrhoea. The remaining eight persons were healthy family members or neighbours to cholera cases. No common source of infection was found. Strains isolated from stool samples each showed typical biochemical reactions of V. furnissii including gas production. Each isolate, except one, agglutinated O-antisera yielding a total of eight different serotypes. Most isolates were sensitive to 10 antibiotics tested, except to ampicillin and the vibriostatic agent O/129 (10 μg). Eight of 14 (57%) strains carried plasmids in the size range 2.6-88 kb, however, no correlation was found between antibiotic susceptibility patterns and plasmid content. Altogether, seven closely related HindIII ribotypes were observed among the 14 V. furnissii isolates studied. V. furnissii strains isolated from family members and other persons living close together often showed different ribotypes suggesting that the isolation was not associated with neighbourhood. Serotyping, plasmid profiling and ribotyping revealed a high strain diversity within V. furnissii, however, the importance of V. furnissii as an enteric pathogen remains to be elucidated.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases