Vestibuloocular reflex of rhesus monkeys after spaceflight

B. Cohen, I. Kozlovskaya, T. Raphan, D. Solomon, D. Helwig, N. Cohen, M. Sirota, S. Yakushin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The vestibuloocular reflex (VOR) of two rhesus monkeys was recorded before and after 14 days of spaceflight. The gain (eye velocity/head velocity) of the horizontal VOR, tested 15 and 18 h after landing, was approximately equal to preflight values. The dominant time constant of the animal tested 15 h after landing was equivalent to that before flight. During nystagmus induced by off-vertical axis rotation (OVAR), the latency, rising time constant, steady-state eye velocity, and phase of modulation in eye velocity and eye position with respect to head position were similar in both monkeys before and after flight. There were changes in the amplitude of modulation of horizontal eye velocity during steady-state OVAR and in the ability to discharge stored activity rapidly by tilting during postrotatory nystagmus (tilt dumping) after flight: OVAR modulations were larger, and tilt dumping was lost in the one animal tested on the day of landing and for several days thereafter. If the gain and time constant of the horizontal VOR change in microgravity, they must revert to normal soon after landing. The changes that were observed suggest that adaptation to microgravity had caused alterations in way that the central nervous system processes otolith input.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121S-131S
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Volume73
Issue number2 SUPPL.
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

Keywords

  • labyrinth
  • microgravity
  • nystagmus
  • off-vertical axis rotation
  • otolith organs
  • semicircular canals
  • tilt dump
  • velocity storage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Vestibuloocular reflex of rhesus monkeys after spaceflight'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this