Vestibulo-Ocular Reflex, Adaptation of the

Diana E. Mitchell, Kathleen Cullen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Motor learning not only allows us to develop the skills necessary to perform fine-tuned movements, such as a tennis serve, but also ensures the accuracy of simpler reflex behaviors. Notably, the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR), which functions to stabilize images on the retina, shows impressive adaptation in response to changes in environment requirements, such as those imposed by a new pair of eyeglasses. The pathways that mediate the VOR and its adaptation are relatively simple, making this reflex an excellent model system for bridging the gap between brain and behavior. This article reviews behavioral, electrophysiological, and lesion studies of VOR adaptation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages70-74
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9780080970875
ISBN (Print)9780080970868
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 26 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cerebellum
  • Flocculus
  • Gaze
  • Long-term depression (LTD)
  • Long-term potentiation (LTP)
  • Motor learning
  • Multimodal
  • Plasticity
  • Prosthesis
  • Vertigo

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)

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