Vertigo and Dizziness

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Vertigo and dizziness are among the most common presenting symptoms across medical settings. The differential diagnosis is broad and includes life-threatening diseases such as stroke and cardiac arrhythmia amidst the majority with benign vestibular or medical disorders. Differentiating dangerous from benign disorders can be challenging. The traditional approach to diagnosis relies on dizziness 'type' (vertigo, presyncope, disequilibrium, and others) to direct diagnostic inquiry, but this approach fails to distinguish benign from dangerous causes. A new approach emphasizing 'timing' and 'triggers' for dizziness and vertigo allows rapid identification of patients at high risk for dangerous disorders that need urgent management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages629-637
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9780123851574
ISBN (Print)9780123851581
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo
  • Brainstem infarctions
  • Cerebellar ataxia
  • Cerebellar diseases
  • Cerebrovascular disorders
  • Diagnosis
  • Diagnostic techniques, neurological
  • Dizziness
  • Gait disorders, neurological
  • Labyrinth diseases
  • Labyrinthitis
  • Ménière's disease
  • Stroke
  • Syncope
  • Vertigo
  • Vestibular neuronitis
  • Vestibulocochlear nerve diseases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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