Vertebrobasilar thrombosis: Diagnosis, management, and the use of intra- arterial thrombolytics

Kyra J. Becker, Laura L. Purcell, Werner Hacke, Daniel F. Hanley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To review the diagnosis and management of vertebrobasilar thrombosis and to discuss the use of thrombolytics in the treatment of this disease. Data Sources: Selected references discussing epidemiology, anatomy, pathophysiology, diagnosis, therapy, and rehabilitation of vertebrobasilar occlusive disease. Study Selection: Studies addressing acute intervention and outcome in the therapy of vertebrobasilar thrombosis were reviewed. Data Extraction: Only those studies with angiographic documentation of arterial thrombosis and, in the case of thrombolysis, recanalization, were considered valid. Data Synthesis: Thrombosis of the vertebrobasilar system is a highly fatal disease and should be treated as a neurologic emergency. The key to effective management depends on early recognition of the symptom complex and a thorough understanding of the anatomy and pathophysiology of the disease process. Conclusions: A timely, integrated, multidisciplinary approach to the patient with vertebrobasilar thrombosis can improve outcome. The use of thrombolytics in the treatment of vertebrobasilar occlusion holds promise but the benefits have not yet been proven in a controlled, randomized study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1729-1742
Number of pages14
JournalCritical care medicine
Volume24
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1996

Keywords

  • interventional angiography
  • neurologic emergencies
  • rehabilitation
  • stroke
  • thrombolytics
  • thrombosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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