Versatile effects of sildenafil: Recent pharmacological applications

Subramaniam Uthayathas, Senthilkumar S. Karuppagounder, Bessy M. Thrash, Kodeeswaran Parameshwaran, Vishnu Suppiramaniam, Muralikrishnan Dhanasekaran

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Sildenafil is a phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) inhibitor and is predominantly used in the treatment of erectile dysfunction. While maintaining an excellent safety and tolerability profile in the management of erectile dysfunction, sildenafil also provides a prolonged benefit in various other diseases. Sildenafil has been shown to have a potential therapeutic efficacy for disorders related to the central nervous system and pulmonary system. In the central nervous sysztem, it exerts its neuroprotective effects in multiple sclerosis and has a significant memory enhancing action. Sildenafil also significantly enhances neurogenesis. Several lines of evidence indicate that targeting PDE5 with sildenafil offers novel strategics in the treatment of age-related memory impairment. Guanylate cyclase/cGMP/protein kinase G pathway or glutamate nitric oxide cGMP pathways appears to mediate memory enhancing-effects. Some of the positive cognitive features of sildenafil therapy are likely attributable to the mechanisms reviewed here. Sildenafil has been shown to reduce pulmonary hypertension and alleviate pain in animals and humans. The present review primarily focuses on the various pharmacological effects of sildenafil with regard to its influence on the nervous and pulmonary system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)150-163
Number of pages14
JournalPharmacological Reports
Volume59
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 26 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antinociception
  • Memory enhancement
  • Neurogenesis
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Sildenafil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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