Venous hypertensive myelopathy as a potential mimic of transverse myelitis

C. Krishnan, J. M. Malik, D. A. Kerr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Study design: Case report. Objective: We describe a patient who developed a myelopathy associated with a noncompressive herniated cervical intervertebral disc at the same level. We provide clinical and radiological evidence that reveals that even though the disc herniation did not compress the spinal cord, it diminished venous blood flow out of the spinal cord, possibly resulting in a venous hypertensive myelopathy (VHM). Setting: Baltimore, MD, USA. Clinical presentation: A 29-year-old woman developed a cervical radiculopathy, followed by a slowly progressive cervical myelopathy associated with a herniated C5-C6 disc. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a noncompressive disc herniation, a swollen spinal cord with increased T2 signal most prominent at the site of the herniated disc, extending several levels above and below the disc. The patient was diagnosed with acute transverse myelitis (ATM) and was started on IV steroids. However, unlike most cases of transverse myelitis, spinal fluid analysis was noninflammatory. In contrast, several features suggested that the patient instead had VHM. We suggest that the disc herniation resulted in impaired drainage of blood from the spinal cord through compression of the venous plexus near the intervertebral foramen. Intervention: Although the patient did not recover function following high-dose steroid administration, she recovered completely following C5-C6 discectomy and fusion. Conclusion: To our knowledge, this is the first report of likely VHM in the absence of a spinal arteriovenous malformation. We suggest that some patients diagnosed with ATM in the setting of extrinsic spinal column abnormalities may actually have a noninflammatory myelopathy associated with impaired spinal venous drainage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-264
Number of pages4
JournalSpinal Cord
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2004

Keywords

  • Acute transverse myelitis
  • Disc herniation
  • Myelopathy
  • Venous hypertensive myelopathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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