Venomous spiders, snakes, and scorpions in the United States

Steve Holve

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Venomous bites and stings are complex poisonings that have local and systemic effects. Mild envenomations can be treated with supportive care. Severe envenomations can be treated definitively with species-specific antivenom, although the use of these products has potential risk of immediate and a more delayed onset form of hypersensitivity reactions. Consultation with a toxicologist is recommended to help guide therapy. Field treatments such as tourniquets and incision likely cause more harm than benefit and should be avoided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)210-217
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric annals
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 13 2009


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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