Generation of vasoactive prostanoids from arachidonic acid by cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and COX-2 was investigated in anesthetized mice. Intravenous injections of the prostanoid precursor arachidonic acid increased pulmonary arterial pressure and decreased systemic arterial pressure. Pulmonary pressor and systemic depressor responses were attenuated by SC-560 and nimesulide, inhibitors of COX-1 and COX-2, in doses that did not alter responses to injected prostanoids. Pulmonary pressor responses to arachidonic acid were blocked and a depressor response was unmasked, whereas systemic depressor responses were not altered, by a thromboxane receptor antagonist. Pulmonary and systemic pressor responses to angiotensin II injections and systemic pressor responses to angiotensin infusion were not modified by COX-1 or COX-2 inhibitors but were attenuated by losartan. Systemic depressor responses to arachidonic acid were smaller in COX-1 and COX-2 knockout mice, whereas responses to angiotensin II, norepinephrine, U-46619, endothelin-1, and PGE1 were not different in COX-1 and COX-2 knockout and wild-type control mice. These results suggest that vasoactive prostanoids with pulmonary pressor and systemic vasodepressor activity are formed by COX-1 and COX-2 and are consistent with Western blot analysis and immunostaining showing the presence of COX-1 and COX-2. These data suggest that thromboxane A2 (TxA2) is formed from the precursor by COX-1 and COX-2 in the lung and are in agreement with immunofluorescence studies showing thromboxane synthase. The present data suggest that COX-1- or COX-2-derived prostanoids do not modulate responses to angiotensin II or other vasoactive agents and that prostanoid responses are similar in CD-1 and C57BL/6 and in male and female mice.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Issue number||4 58-4|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2005|
- Angiotensin II
- Pulmonary and systemic vascular bed
ASJC Scopus subject areas